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The Desire of J.Lacan and Neurosis Kim, Seong-Minne(Hyupsung University․Pastoral Counseling) A French psychoanalyst, J.Lacan insisted on the importance of the desire for human being. As the less one feels one's desire, the less one lives energetically. Furthermore, he said that the essential problem of the neurosis consists in not knowing one's true desire and searching for fulfill one's desire. As a consequence, the more one attaches to one's desire, the more one is alienated from one's being. The reason why one doesn't know one's true desire derives itself from the division between the ego and the subject of the patient. J.Lacan finds the origin of the division between the ego and the subject in "the mirror stage". Because a child, from six months to eighteen months, forms one's subject by means of the mirror-image which he sees on the mirror. But it is not a real image, only a imago. So the formation of the subject for human being contains already the alienating destination. The conception of the mirror stage as formative of the function of the I is very important for lacanian psychoanalysis. And he explains many theories of psychoanaysis in this stage : the dynamics of the narcissism, the aggressivity, l'objet a, jouissance, etc. The patient of neurosis should find one's true desire overcoming the division between the ego and the subject, and becomes a subject of one's Trieb. At that time, one's Trieb transforms and one feels more liberty freeing from the burden of many psychic drives. Psychoanalyst should listen the patient's "full speech", which is the language of desire among much "empty speech" which comes from the imaginary.