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The phytopathogenic Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Pch) PY35 secretes multiple isozymes of plant cell wall degrading enzyme cellulases. We cloned a second cel gene that encodes cellulase in Pch PY35. The in- serted 2 kb fragment was subcloned in order to gener- ate pPY710 (cel8Y). The structural organization of the cel8Y gene consists of an open reading frame (ORF) of 999 bp that encodes 332 amino acid residues with a signal peptide of 23 amino acids. The predicted amino acid sequence of Cel8Y was very similar to that of Cel- lulomonas uda, but completely different from that of the Cel5Z of Pch PY35. It belonged to the glycoside hydrolase family 8, based on amino acid sequence similarities in contrast to Cel5Z of Pch PY35, which was confirmed as family 5. Cel8Y was not closely re- lated to the known cellulases of Pectobacterium. It had the conserved region of the glycoside hydrolase family 8, ASDGDVLIAWALLKAGNKW. The apparent mo- lecular mass of the Cel8Y protein was calculated to be approximately 34 kDa by a carboxymethylcellulose- sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electropho- resis (CMC-SDS-PAGE). The Cel8Y had a calculated pI of 6.49. It was optimally active at pH 7 with an ap- proximate optimal temperature around 40 ° C. The cel- lulase activity of Cel8Y was lower than that of Cel5Z.


The phytopathogenic Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Pch) PY35 secretes multiple isozymes of plant cell wall degrading enzyme cellulases. We cloned a second cel gene that encodes cellulase in Pch PY35. The inserted 2 kb fragment was subcloned in order to generate pPY710 (cel8Y). The structural organization of the cel8Y gene consists of an open reading frame (ORF) of 999 bp that encodes 332 amino acid residues with a signal peptide of 23 amino acids. The predicted amino acid sequence of Cel8Y was very similar to that of Cellulomonas uda, but completely different from that of the Cel5Z of Pch PY35. It belonged to the glycoside hydrolase family 8, based on amino acid sequence similarities in contrast to Cel5Z of Pch PY35, which was confirmed as family 5. Cel8Y was not closely related to the known cellulases of Pectobacterium. It had the conserved region of the glycoside hydrolase family 8, ASDGDVLIAWALLKAGNKW. The apparent molecular mass of the Cel8Y protein was calculated to be approximately 34 kDa by a carboxymethylcellulosesodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (CMC-SDS-PAGE). The Cel8Y had a calculated pI of 6.49. It was optimally active at pH 7 with an approximate optimal temperature around 40°C. The cellulase activity of Cel8Y was lower than that of Cel5Z.