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Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is a rare type of glioma and usually occurs in the superficial cerebral hemisphere of the patients under the age of 30 years. We report a case of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma in the cerebellum of a 3-month-old infant. This is an unusual case in view of location and age. The literatures concerning the clinicopathological aspects of this unusual pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma are reviewed. Key words:Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma;Cerebellum;Infant.