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The risks of maritime casualties are higher in harbours than ocean, especially in Traffic Separation Schemes. So, within the territorial seas of the Republic of Korea, there is "Marine Traffic Safety Act" as a special rule for safety of maritime traffics. But, because of the difference of between international rules and Korea national rules, harbour users are very confused of applying international rule or Korean rule to navigate in Traffic Separation Schemes. Over 70% of users don`t know or have uncorrect knowledges in this schemes. So it`s needed to make it sure that conduct of navigation in Traffic Separation Schemes for safety in Korean waters and user`s right for preventing collisions.