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Domestic studies on ethnic American literature has mainly focused on its "difference as resistance." In the process of criticizing imperialism and its dominant power, the identity of ethnic literature can be ironically reduced to the unique possibility, that is, "resistance." Despite their intention, this kind of approach naturally tends to exclude the ethnic literature as "their own literature" rather than including it into the American Literature in general. Keeping this in mind, this study attempts to relocate the position of ethnic American literature in the tradition of American literature, focusing on the similarity between the trait of magical realism in Maxine Hong Kingston's Woman Warrior, China men and Toni Morrison's Beloved and the romance tradition of the American literature in the 19th century. The ethnic writers cannot be completely free from the demand of their community to represent their own ethnic history and culture in their writing. Their novels frequently have been understood as ethnographies, a realistic record of their own community rather than as fictions. However, the mixture of fantasy and realism in the narrative modes of the ethnic writers such as Kingston and Morrison can be interpreted as a means to free from ethnography and at the same time to deliver their ethnic culture in their own creative way. The narrative technique such as "montage" in these novels can be another important means to find new identity of ethnic literature. The above three novels appear to share with the view of life of magical realism in the Latin America. Their understanding of life is that reality is based on the real and fantasy as well. This view of life can also date back to Nathaniel Hawthorne's romance novels in the 19th century. The literature and culture of the U. S. A. in the 19th century was still under colonial situation. The aspects of mysterious fantasy in reality depicted in "Young Good Man Brown" or in The House of Seven Gables can be interpreted as an attempt to find an identity of American literature.