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In case of welding, the inherent strains are generated, because a structure experiences the plastic yielding. The inherent strain is defined as the irrecoverable strain after removing structural restraints and loading. For the analysis method of welding distortion, equivalent loading method based on inherent strain is in general use due to its efficiency and effectiveness. However, it is generally difficult to know the final strain of the welded structure if additional loadings were applied after welding. For this reason, this study introduced the concept of the hardening and added the hardening term to the equivalent loading method based on inherent strain. Therefore, the purposes of this study are to develop the inherent strain formula considering the hardening effect and to calculate residual stresses using proposed inherent strain. Also, this study verified the availability of proposed inherent strain method by loading-unloading experiment on welded plate.