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Although fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has become one of the primary tools for diagnosing salivary gland lesions, some of these methods continue to confuse pathologists. The most common problems occur so-called basaloid neoplasms. Basal cell adenomas are frequently misdiagnosed as pleomorphic adenomas, and in worse cases, as adenoid cystic carcinomas. The cytologic diagnostic accuracy of basaloid neoplasms could be increased by a better understanding of the histology and the nature of the tumor cells. These are displayed well in aspiration smears. A consideration of differential points on the basis of the epithelial-stromal relationship is offered in this paper.