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F-box proteins are an expanding family of eukaryotic proteins that are characterized by an approximately 40 amino acid motif. Some F-box proteins are critical for the controlled degradation of cellular regulatory proteins. During a large-scale sequencing analysis of a human fetal brain cDNA library, we isolated a cDNA clone that encodes a novel F-box protein. It showed a 90.0% identity with the previously isolated mouse F-box protein16 at the amino acid level. Northern blot analysis showed no detectable expression, while re-verse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that FBXO16 was expressed in the heart, spleen, and colon. By mapping, we localized the FBXO16 gene to the human chromosome 8p12. The FBXO16 gene consisted of 9 exons that spanned 67,816 bp of human genomic DNA.