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Zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo cv. Black Beauty) plants infected with A strain of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV-A) isolated from a hollyhock plant showed systemically severe mosaic symptom, similar to previously established Cu strain of ZYMV. However, initial symptom of squash infected by ZYMV-A strain was generally more severe than those infected by ZYMV-Cu. Using leaf-detachment assay, examination of kinetics of accumulation of the coat protein (CP) in systemic leaves of squash plants showed that CPs of ZYMV-A appeared earlier than those of ZYMV-Cu. However, both ZYMV-A and ZYMV-Cu showed similar kinetics of CP accumulation 7 days postinoculation. These results indicate that different rates and initial severity of systemic symptom development were due to differences in the rate of movement rather than virus replication.


Zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo cv. Black Beauty) plants infected with A strain of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV-A) isolated from a hollyhock plant showed systemically severe mosaic symptom, similar to previously established Cu strain of ZYMV. However, initial symptom of squash infected by ZYMV-A strain was generally more severe than those infected by ZYMV-Cu. Using leaf-detachment assay, examination of kinetics of accumulation of the coat protein (CP) in systemic leaves of squash plants showed that CPs of ZYMV-A appeared earlier than those of ZYMV-Cu. However, both ZYMV-A and ZYMV-Cu showed similar kinetics of CP accumulation 7 days postinoculation. These results indicate that different rates and initial severity of systemic symptom development were due to differences in the rate of movement rather than virus replication.