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The authors present a case of syringomyelia with postlaminectmy kyphosis. Twenty six year-old male, who received a operation 11 years ago for intradural cervical schwannoma. The patient visited our hospital for the evaluation of the quadripresis of recent onset. Preoperative magnetic resonance(MR) images revealed syringomyelia from C2 to T2. With phase contrast Cine MR image, cerebrospinal fluid dynamics were evaluated preoperatively and after surgical correction of kyphosis. The authors present the pathophysiology of syringomyelia and the selection of surgical procedure on basis of cerebrospinal fluid dynamics of syringomyelia. Key words:Syringomyelia;Postlaminectomy kyphosis;Phase contrast Cine MRI.