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이 논문의 목적은 한나 아렌트가 현대에 와서 부각된 ‘소외’를 극복하기 위한 하나의 대안으로 제시한 정치판단이론을 고찰하고, 그것이 현대 민주주의에 어떤 기여를 하고 있으며 어떤 의의를 가지고 있는지를 밝힐 것이다. 그런데 아렌트의 정치판단을 고찰하기 위해서는 칸트의 미적 판단을 먼저 살펴보아야 한다. 왜냐하면 아렌트는 칸트의 미적 판단을 전유하여 자신의 정치판단이론으로 확립하기 때문이다. 미적 판단은 다른 사람앞에 나타난다는 점에서 공적 성질을 가지며, 그 때문에 거기에 참가해서 관찰하고 판단하는 다른 사람의 검토에 열려 있다. 이것은 특수의 가치를 인정하고 복수성, 즉 다른 사람을 허용하는 것이다. 이러한 미적 판단속에는 정치적 문제의식이 포함되어 있다. 미적 판단에서 필요한 정신의 확장은 다른 사람을 허용하는 정치판단에서 요구되는 것으로, 그것 때문에 우리의 판단은 다른 사람을 고려하여 불편부당한 판단이 된다. 아렌트의 판단이론은 개별자의 존립방식을 만들어간다는데 그 의의가 있다. 더 나아가 그것의 또 다른 의의는 그것이 정치의 대중화를 기획함으로써 시민의 정치참여를 주장한다는 점에서 현행의 참여 민주주의의 적합한 원리가 된다는 점이다.


Arendt’s Theory of Political Judgment and its Significance -Central to Arendt’s appropriation of theory of political judgment of Kant’s theory of aesthetic judgment- Kim In-Soon The aim of this paper is to explore Hannah Arendt’s political judgement theory, which was proposed by her to overcome the alienation in modern society, and its contribution to modern democracy. Since Hannah Arendt established her political judgement theory by appropriating Kant’s aesthetic judgment, we should explore Kant’s aesthetic judgment before exploring her political judgement. Aesthetic judgment has an public property in that appearing at the front of the other people, so it is opened to the other’s examination to observe and judge by participating in any political event. It is to recognize the value of particularity and to allow the plurality, that is, the other people. Such aesthetic judgment contains political issue. Enlargement of mind, which is needed by aesthetic judgment, is needed by political judgement which is allowed the other people. Our judgment can be considered in view of the other’s stance, so that impartial judgment is possible. Human being has an significant meaning in making a mode of an individual’s existence of through this judgment. Furthermore, it’s another significance is that it becomes the proper principle of participatory democracy, in that it holds the political participation of citizen by planning the popularization of politic.


Arendt’s Theory of Political Judgment and its Significance -Central to Arendt’s appropriation of theory of political judgment of Kant’s theory of aesthetic judgment- Kim In-Soon The aim of this paper is to explore Hannah Arendt’s political judgement theory, which was proposed by her to overcome the alienation in modern society, and its contribution to modern democracy. Since Hannah Arendt established her political judgement theory by appropriating Kant’s aesthetic judgment, we should explore Kant’s aesthetic judgment before exploring her political judgement. Aesthetic judgment has an public property in that appearing at the front of the other people, so it is opened to the other’s examination to observe and judge by participating in any political event. It is to recognize the value of particularity and to allow the plurality, that is, the other people. Such aesthetic judgment contains political issue. Enlargement of mind, which is needed by aesthetic judgment, is needed by political judgement which is allowed the other people. Our judgment can be considered in view of the other’s stance, so that impartial judgment is possible. Human being has an significant meaning in making a mode of an individual’s existence of through this judgment. Furthermore, it’s another significance is that it becomes the proper principle of participatory democracy, in that it holds the political participation of citizen by planning the popularization of politic.