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The aspiration of a tracheobronchial foreign body can be a life-threatening incident. Early diagnosis and the bronchoscopic removal of the foreign bodies can protect a patient from serious morbidity and even mortality. We report an unusual case of a 28-year-old man who inhaled sawdust that required emergency airway management and bronchoscopic removal of the sawdust fragments. Anesthesia for a rigid bronchoscopy is a challenging procedure for an anesthesiologist who must share the airway with the bronchoscopist and maintain the adequate depth of anesthesia. Most of the sawdust fragments were extracted successfully using a rigid bronchoscope. The patient was discharged uneventfully within one week of hospitalization. (Korean J Anesthesiol 2006; 50: 327~31)