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Ga Pi Ip has been used in Korea to cure rheumatism, neuralgia, edema, dermatopathy, and impotence. Thebotanical origin of the crude drug has not been confirmed pharmacognostically. To clarify the botanical origin of O Ga Pi Ip,the morphological and anatomical characteristics of the leaves of Acanthopanax species growing in Korea and Japan, A. chi-isanensis Nakai,A. koreanum Nakai, A. rufinerve Nakai, A. senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms, A. senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.)for. inermis Harms, A. seoulense Nakai, A. sessiliflorus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Seem, A. divaricatus Seem, A. sieboldianum Makinowere compared. As a result, it was determined that O Ga Pi Ip was the leaf of A. sessiliflorus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Seem, A.chiisanensis Nakai, and A. koreanum NakaiI.Key wordsA. sessiliflorus, A. chiisanensis, A. koreanum, O Ga Pi Ip, Araliaceae, botanical origin, anatomical study.... (... ). .....1). ... .... ... , .... .. 5.. .. ... ... .... ,2) .... .. , .. , .. , ...... .... , ... .. .... , .. , .... , .. , .... .. .... .. .3-6)