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This paper reviews which legal and institutional measures Japan has employed against domestic violence and examines the consequences and recent tendencies of such measures, in three categories-child abuse, violence in married couples, and violence against the elderly. This study also includes a speculation on the necessity of further effort to prevent recurrences of domestic violence. Domestic violence is drawing much attention in Japan recently, and many case studies and investigations revealed the actual state of existing domestic violence. Research shows that domestic violence has serious effect on the victim’s physical and mental health. Diverse institutions and shelters are expanding their aid activities throughout the nation. The first half of this essay surveys the history of welfare policies of Japan for children, women, and the elderly, and addresses the problems. In the latter half I focus on domestic violence, classifying it into the three categories mentioned above. I then examine the related legal amendments and consider further preventive measures for the future.