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The local council constitutes a prime institution to enhance accountability in local administration. This study tries to analyze how the accountability relationship is constructed between the executive branch and the council in the Korean local government, and why the accountability relationship is instituted in such ways. Based on an analysis of the Local Autonomy Act and the Local Finance Act, this study found that the hierarchical and expert, as well as political and legal accountability relationships are instituted between the two branches of the local government. The study goes on to point out, as main sources of weakened accountability relationships between the two branches, 1) the lack of specificity and efficacy in the legal and political accountability enforcement mechanisms, 2) the rampant and misled uses of hierarchical accountability enforcement mechanisms; and 3) the lack of initiative in the use of code-making power on the part of the local council.