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The Spratlys is not the only disputed group of reefs and islands in the South China Sea. The Paracel Islands, Scarborough Shoal, and Pratas Reef and Island are also disputed. This article reviews the contemporary history of the Paracels dispute, estimates of their economic and strategic importance, the role of the Paracels dispute in Sino-Vietnamese relations, and the relationship of the dispute to other sovereignty disputes and maritime delimitation in the South China Sea. The conclusion reviews the interconnected nature of the Spratly and Paracels maritime disputes in the context of China-ASEAN relations and poses scenarios for future conflict resolution strategies. The argument here is that a multilateral solution to the dispute over maritime delimitation in the Spratlys area and the central part of the South China Sea will require a bilateral solution of the bilateral dispute over sovereignty concerning the Paracels. Sino-Vietnamese talks concerning the Paracels could play a constructive role in paving the way for a more comprehensive solution of sovereignty disputes, and thus play a major role in further improving overall relations between China and ASEAN.