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On the Accompanying Music of Yangju Masked Dance Play Wŏn Hye-jin Korean t'alch'um 탈춤 (mask dances) are one of performing arts consisted of dance, music, and words. Since 1960s they have been designated and preserved as an Important Intangible Cultural Properties (重要無形文化財). Among various t'alch'um, this paper makes a selection of Yangju masked dance play known as Yangju pyŏlsandae nori 楊州別山臺놀이, and analyzes the accompaying music, which is an element of performing arts. As an objection of a previous study by Shim Hyŏk-ch'ŏl 沈爀哲, this paper will suggest a different opinion to consider. The musical elements of Yangju pyŏlsandae are divided into melody of accompanying music and rhythm called changdan 長短 (literally meaning ‘long and short’). In the first chapter of melody, the accompaying melody of Yangju masked dance play which has been superficially mentioned is obviously proved to be Kyŏnggi taep'ungnyu 京畿대풍류 (lit., Taep'ungnyu of Kyŏnggi Province) which is a kind of regional taep'ungnyu 대풍류. As for the role of melody following choreography, topics are not necessarily followed by accompanying melodies as the previous studies have been maintained. The same rhythm always uses the identical melodies, and they are repeated continuously till the end of the dance. This clarifies that the role of accompanying melody is not to follow themes but only to decorate dance's rhythm. In the second chapter of rhythm, the tempo change of yŏmbul rhythmic cycle called yŏmbul changdan 念佛長短 is studied, and both yŏmbul changdan and t'aryŏng changdan 打令長短 are proved to change the extent of tempi in an act. Additionally, this paper investigates how the choreography of kkaekkiri 깨끼리 is established, which is an elemental couple dance accompanied by t'aryŏng changdan.


On the Accompanying Music of Yangju Masked Dance Play Wŏn Hye-jin Korean t'alch'um 탈춤 (mask dances) are one of performing arts consisted of dance, music, and words. Since 1960s they have been designated and preserved as an Important Intangible Cultural Properties (重要無形文化財). Among various t'alch'um, this paper makes a selection of Yangju masked dance play known as Yangju pyŏlsandae nori 楊州別山臺놀이, and analyzes the accompaying music, which is an element of performing arts. As an objection of a previous study by Shim Hyŏk-ch'ŏl 沈爀哲, this paper will suggest a different opinion to consider. The musical elements of Yangju pyŏlsandae are divided into melody of accompanying music and rhythm called changdan 長短 (literally meaning ‘long and short’). In the first chapter of melody, the accompaying melody of Yangju masked dance play which has been superficially mentioned is obviously proved to be Kyŏnggi taep'ungnyu 京畿대풍류 (lit., Taep'ungnyu of Kyŏnggi Province) which is a kind of regional taep'ungnyu 대풍류. As for the role of melody following choreography, topics are not necessarily followed by accompanying melodies as the previous studies have been maintained. The same rhythm always uses the identical melodies, and they are repeated continuously till the end of the dance. This clarifies that the role of accompanying melody is not to follow themes but only to decorate dance's rhythm. In the second chapter of rhythm, the tempo change of yŏmbul rhythmic cycle called yŏmbul changdan 念佛長短 is studied, and both yŏmbul changdan and t'aryŏng changdan 打令長短 are proved to change the extent of tempi in an act. Additionally, this paper investigates how the choreography of kkaekkiri 깨끼리 is established, which is an elemental couple dance accompanied by t'aryŏng changdan.