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Many trade unions have opposed the introduction of innovative human resource management(IHRM). This study focuses on the attitudes of union presidents toward the IHRM, since they play key roles in making decisions about whether the union will accept or oppose it. Three perspectives, social network, agent role, and company commitment, were adopted. Using data from 122 company union presidents and a structural equation model, this study found that the destruction of social network is the most important variable in explaining their attitude toward the IHRM. Agent role and company commitment were also significant factors. Theoretical and practical implications of this results are followed and discussed.