초록 close

The Function of Ch'wigosu in the Late Chos n Period After the Hideyoshi Invasion called Imjin waeran 壬辰倭亂 in 1592 and the Manchurian Invasion, Pyŏngja horan 丙子胡亂 in 1636, the Chosŏn society was unable to undergo a historical change in terms of social institutions, economic systems, culture, and so on. The military band music was not exceptional in this historical trend of the late Chosŏn period. This paper is, therefore, intended to investigate the function of Ch'wigosu 吹鼓手, which was a kind of military band music appeared in the late Chosŏn period. This paper is based on various literary sources and iconographic materials:e.g. such literary sources as Kihyo sinsŏ ꡔ紀效新書ꡕ, Yŏn- byŏng chinam ꡔ練兵指南ꡕ, Pyŏnghak chinam ꡔ兵學指南ꡕ, Pyŏnghak chinam yŏnŭi ꡔ兵學指南演義ꡕ, Ch'un'gwan t'onggo ꡔ春官通考ꡕ, Man'gi yoram ꡔ萬機要覽ꡕ, Wŏnhaeng ŭlmyo chŏngri ŭigwe ꡔ園幸乙卯整理儀軌ꡕ, etc.; and iconographic materials including Kim Hong-do's 金弘道 (1745- 1806) Anrŭng sinyŏdo 安陵新迎圖, Modang Hong I-sang p'yŏngsaeng- do 慕堂洪履祥平生圖, and so on. In conclusion it is pointed out that there were three functions of Ch'wigosu:1) command and communication, 2) band music performance, and 3) taking one's turn in office or night duty called ipchik 入直. Instrumentation of Ch'wigosu varied according its function:e.g. Ch'wi- gosu for command and communication consisted of nine instruments such as horn called kak 角, conch horn (nagak 螺角), clarion (nabal 喇叭), conical oboe (hojŏk 胡笛 or t'aepy'ŏngso 太平簫), a kind of flute (palla 哱囉), cymbal (chŏng 鉦), small gong (na 鑼), a kind of percussion (solbal 솔발), and barrel drum (puk 북).


The Function of Ch'wigosu in the Late Chos n Period After the Hideyoshi Invasion called Imjin waeran 壬辰倭亂 in 1592 and the Manchurian Invasion, Pyŏngja horan 丙子胡亂 in 1636, the Chosŏn society was unable to undergo a historical change in terms of social institutions, economic systems, culture, and so on. The military band music was not exceptional in this historical trend of the late Chosŏn period. This paper is, therefore, intended to investigate the function of Ch'wigosu 吹鼓手, which was a kind of military band music appeared in the late Chosŏn period. This paper is based on various literary sources and iconographic materials:e.g. such literary sources as Kihyo sinsŏ ꡔ紀效新書ꡕ, Yŏn- byŏng chinam ꡔ練兵指南ꡕ, Pyŏnghak chinam ꡔ兵學指南ꡕ, Pyŏnghak chinam yŏnŭi ꡔ兵學指南演義ꡕ, Ch'un'gwan t'onggo ꡔ春官通考ꡕ, Man'gi yoram ꡔ萬機要覽ꡕ, Wŏnhaeng ŭlmyo chŏngri ŭigwe ꡔ園幸乙卯整理儀軌ꡕ, etc.; and iconographic materials including Kim Hong-do's 金弘道 (1745- 1806) Anrŭng sinyŏdo 安陵新迎圖, Modang Hong I-sang p'yŏngsaeng- do 慕堂洪履祥平生圖, and so on. In conclusion it is pointed out that there were three functions of Ch'wigosu:1) command and communication, 2) band music performance, and 3) taking one's turn in office or night duty called ipchik 入直. Instrumentation of Ch'wigosu varied according its function:e.g. Ch'wi- gosu for command and communication consisted of nine instruments such as horn called kak 角, conch horn (nagak 螺角), clarion (nabal 喇叭), conical oboe (hojŏk 胡笛 or t'aepy'ŏngso 太平簫), a kind of flute (palla 哱囉), cymbal (chŏng 鉦), small gong (na 鑼), a kind of percussion (solbal 솔발), and barrel drum (puk 북).