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Considering the present development situation of public rental apartment since 1982, the supply of homeless housing for low-income dwellers has contributed a amount of quantities, but has been deficient qualities in housing policy. To reflect the architect the properties of dwellers in rental apartment, this study is aimed at investigating the residential character and the consciousness of housing movement through questionaries in permanent rental apartment and fifty years period rental apartment complexes. The results of this study were as follows; The permanent rental apartment is dissatisfied with site location, site shape and building layout in housing environment view, the fifty years period rental apartment is dissatisfied with building area, rental bond, rental fee and maintenance cost in economics view. Housing type of movement preference hereafter is showed "rental apartment" as priority. Therefore, it is necessary to construct public rental apartment for low-income dwellers increasingly.