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]In Samgukyusa, Hyangga and its background legendary is closely related with inactivity and self-being, which is the core of thought of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu. The reason comes from the fact that the authors of Hyangga, Wolmyeongsa, Chungdamsa, Yungcheonsa, Yeongjae and so on, are the ideal human type in the thought of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu. The more concrete reason is given by the fact that their performed actions are the results by virtue and a true heart of extreme, which means the stage of inactivity and self being in the thought of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu. And their actions are possible because they are in the one stage with nature. The more details are as follows:First, Giparang has the shape of the ideal human type, Jinin(true man) and Sungin(holy man), of Taoism. We can find the reason from the fact that he shows the one stage with nature.Second, we can find that virtue and a true heart of extreme in Dosolga is also the one stage with nature. Thus, they have their wishes fulfilled.Third, it is possible that the author Yungcheonsa drove back the disaster with Hyeseongga since his mind is the one stage with nature.In conclusion, the above is the principle of Silla's poetics.