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러시아에서는 익사, 자살, 살해, 행방불명된 처녀의 영혼을 ‘루쌀까’라고 한다. 또한 루쌀까는 사산아, 세례 받지 못하고 죽은 어린이의 영혼을 가리키기도 한다. 루쌀까는 사람을 괴롭히고 질병을 옮기는 해로운 귀신이기도 하지만, 동시에 풍년을 가져오는 역할을 하는 주요한 귀신이다. 루쌀까는 물이나 숲, 들판 등에 살고 있으며, 초여름인 루쌀나야 주간에 주로 활동한다. 어린 루쌀까를 자식으로 삼기도 하며, 남자들을 ‘유혹’하는 힘을 가지고 있다. 곳곳에서 다양한 모습으로 나타나는데, 보통 긴 머리카락을 풀어헤치고 있으며 촉촉하게 젖어 있다. 주로 그네를 타고 놀며, 바느질이나 실타래, 옷감 등을 좋아한다. 사람들은 ‘루쌀까 보내기’를 통해 풍년과 액막이를 기원한다. ‘루쌀리아 주간’, ‘루쌀까 보내기’와 같이 신격의 이름자체가 명명되어 의례로서 행해진 것은 러시아에서 루쌀까가 유일하다.


A Study of Russian spirit ‘Rusalka’ Lee, Kun-Wook* The aim of this paper is to examine the russian spirit(soul) ‘rusalka’. According to russian folklore, the virgin who drowns, it commits suicide and the virgin who is murdered become ‘rusalka’. Also the child who dies before receive baptism, stillborn child and from the parents imprecation it receives and the child who dies become ‘rusalka’. Their activity usually duration from end of May until middle of June. They are active in river, lake, forest and field. But practically they appear in the water’s edge. Rusalkas entice men and tickle until men die. And they ruin the crops. On the other hand for men they look up lost domestic cattles, give us rain and help women needlework. To protect their hazard, russians make an incantation and make a taliaman. On summer rusalkas ready to go to their place where they live in fall, winter, spring. So, russians make a special ritual for seeing off rusalka. Many russian researcher reguard rusalka as demon. But refuting that rusalka is demon, author write that rusalka was spirite helping men’s life in ancient times. And author think that this dualism(rusalka is good or bad) is maden by russian orthodoxy.


A Study of Russian spirit ‘Rusalka’ Lee, Kun-Wook* The aim of this paper is to examine the russian spirit(soul) ‘rusalka’. According to russian folklore, the virgin who drowns, it commits suicide and the virgin who is murdered become ‘rusalka’. Also the child who dies before receive baptism, stillborn child and from the parents imprecation it receives and the child who dies become ‘rusalka’. Their activity usually duration from end of May until middle of June. They are active in river, lake, forest and field. But practically they appear in the water’s edge. Rusalkas entice men and tickle until men die. And they ruin the crops. On the other hand for men they look up lost domestic cattles, give us rain and help women needlework. To protect their hazard, russians make an incantation and make a taliaman. On summer rusalkas ready to go to their place where they live in fall, winter, spring. So, russians make a special ritual for seeing off rusalka. Many russian researcher reguard rusalka as demon. But refuting that rusalka is demon, author write that rusalka was spirite helping men’s life in ancient times. And author think that this dualism(rusalka is good or bad) is maden by russian orthodoxy.