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This research was conducted to find out the effect of the horticultural therapy program on the self-conception and the learning ability by the child from the poor and broken home. The subject was 9 children from the poor and broken home who use the study room in Yasa Integrated Welfare Hall at Yasa-Dong, Youngchun-Si. The horticultural therapy program was implemented for 22 sessions in total once a week from March 2, 2005 till July 27, 2005.As a result of the evaluation on the examination paper for the self-conception in the entire subject, the social self item and the emotional self item statistically showed the significant difference after the implementation of the horticultural therapy. As a result of evaluating the examination paper for the learning ability, there was an individual difference. But, in terms of the entire result, the memory power item and the concentration power item statistically showed the significant difference in the area of learning activity. However, items such as execution power and motivation in learning did not show any significant difference. In the area of learning activity, items such as reasoning power and mathematical power showed the significant difference. As a result of the examination on sentence completion, the confidence in learning, which could not be found in the examination for the self-conception, and the improved relationship with friends about the same age could be confirmed via sentence.