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7.1 연구결과의 요약


This study explores conditions for differentiated decentralization and homogenized decentralization between the corporate headquarters and subsidiaries in the diversified firm. Most studies of decentralization in diversified firms can be dichotomized into either a corporate level study or a business level study. However, prescriptions provided by these two different research streams have been different from each other and sometimes paradoxical. In the corporate-level research, it is argued that decentralization between the corporate HQ and subsidiaries is dependent on which diversification types are pursued at the corporate level and thus homogeneous among subsidiaries. In contrast, researchers interested in subsidiaries within diversified firms posited that decentralization between the corporate HQ and subsidiaries should consider environmental or strategic contexts at the business level and thus be differentiated accordingly. This paper is to resolve these paradoxical prescriptions and to provide conditions for when each argument is applicable. It was found that the corporate-level's diversification strategy dominates in determining the degree of decentralization either when subsidiaries with high resource level are pursuing differentiation strategy or when subsidiaries with low resource level are pursuing cost leadership strategy. It was also found that the business-level competitive strategy are