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This essay is one of the papers which was presented at the symposium for “The Status and Prospects of North Korean Performing Arts” jointly held by the Society for Korean Historico-Musicology and the Korean National University of Arts on 26th Oct., 2001. This paper consists of 1) Introduction, 2) The Present Status and Its Background of Folk Performing Arts in North Korea:(1) Mask Dance Drama (Kamyŏn'gŭk 假面劇), (2) Puppet Plays (Inhyŏnggŭk 人形劇), (3) P'ansori 판소리 and Ch'anggŭk 唱劇, (4) Folk Performing Plays (Minsok Nori 민속놀이), and (5) Folksongs (Minyo 民謠), 3) Modernization and Its Background of Folk Performing Arts in North Korea, 4) Conclusion. In conclusion the author points out that at the present time the tradition of folk performing arts has not been transmitted in its original form, but in contrast to that of South Korea since 1970s the North Korean folk performing arts have been remodelled and modernized in the style of social arts ideas of communist's realism. The author also suggests the necessity for interchange of folk performing arts between North and South Korea, and that the interchange of academic symposiums by North and South Korean scholars is indispensable for the future of Korean folk performing arts.