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Hydrogen peroxide and methyl hydroperoxide were measured over the northwestern Pacific Ocean during NASA’s PEM (Pacific Exploratory Mission)-West. The first experiment (PEM-West A) was conducted in the fall of 1991 and PEM-West B in the early spring of 1994. Hydroperoxide data were obtained on board the NASA DC-8 aircraft through the entire depth of the troposphere. Average concentrations of both H2O2 and CH3OOH were higher during PEM-West A than B. The seasonal difference in hydroperoxide distribution was determined by the degree of photochemical activities and the strength and location of jetstream, which led to extensive and rapid continental outflow during the PEM-West B. While for H2O2 distribution, a longitudinal gradient was more apparent than a latitudinal gradient, it was opposite for the CH3OOH distribution. The longitudinal gradient indicates the proximity to the anthropogenic sources from the Asian continent, but the latitudinal gradient reflects photochemical activity. During PEM-West B, the ratio of C2H2/CO, a tracer for continental emission was raised and high concentrations of H2O2 were associated with high ratios. The flux of hydroperoxide toward the North Pacific was also enhanced in the early spring. The eastward fluxes of H2O2 were 9% and 17% of the average photochemical production over the Pacific Basin between 140E and 130W during PEM-West A and B, respectively. For CH3OOH, these ratios were 8% and 13%. Considering the lifetime of hydroperoxide and the rapid transport of pollutants, the export of hydroperoxide with other oxidants would have a significant influence on oxidant cycles over the North Pacific during winter/spring.


Hydrogen peroxide and methyl hydroperoxide were measured over the northwestern Pacific Ocean during NASA’s PEM (Pacific Exploratory Mission)-West. The first experiment (PEM-West A) was conducted in the fall of 1991 and PEM-West B in the early spring of 1994. Hydroperoxide data were obtained on board the NASA DC-8 aircraft through the entire depth of the troposphere. Average concentrations of both H2O2 and CH3OOH were higher during PEM-West A than B. The seasonal difference in hydroperoxide distribution was determined by the degree of photochemical activities and the strength and location of jetstream, which led to extensive and rapid continental outflow during the PEM-West B. While for H2O2 distribution, a longitudinal gradient was more apparent than a latitudinal gradient, it was opposite for the CH3OOH distribution. The longitudinal gradient indicates the proximity to the anthropogenic sources from the Asian continent, but the latitudinal gradient reflects photochemical activity. During PEM-West B, the ratio of C2H2/CO, a tracer for continental emission was raised and high concentrations of H2O2 were associated with high ratios. The flux of hydroperoxide toward the North Pacific was also enhanced in the early spring. The eastward fluxes of H2O2 were 9% and 17% of the average photochemical production over the Pacific Basin between 140E and 130W during PEM-West A and B, respectively. For CH3OOH, these ratios were 8% and 13%. Considering the lifetime of hydroperoxide and the rapid transport of pollutants, the export of hydroperoxide with other oxidants would have a significant influence on oxidant cycles over the North Pacific during winter/spring.