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본 연구는 가족미술치료가 정신지체학생 어머니와 비장애형제의 스트레스에 미치는 효과를 살펴보고자 하였다. 정신지체학생과 그 어머니, 비장애형제를 대상으로 주 2회 회기당 60-90분씩 총 17회기 에 걸쳐 가족치료프로그램을 실시하여 질적 변화를 관찰하고, 스트레스 질문지를 사용하여 사전 사후점수의 변화를 측정하였다. 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 가족미술치료가 정신지체학생과 어머니, 비장애형제의 반응을 긍정적으로 변화시키는데 효과가 있다. 둘째, 가족미술치료가 정신지체학생 어머니의 스트레스를 감소시키는데 효과적이다. 셋째, 가족미술치료가 비장애형제의 스트레스를 감소시키는데 효과적이다.


The intent of the study was that reveal to effects of Family Art Therapy on the stress of mother and siblings of child with mental retardation. The purposes of this study were as follows: First, investigate the characteristics of the family(child with mental retardation, mother, siblings) reaction to Family Art Therapy. Second, manifest the effect of Family Art Therapy on the stress change of mother of child with mental retardation. Third, reveal the effect of Family Art Therapy on the stress change of siblings of child with mental retardation. For this study, the Family Art Therapy program that can promote positive interaction was employed for child with mental retardation of 3 grade in special school for middle, mother and siblings. To observe the results of this study, the researcher qualitatively analyzed session activities of the Family Art Therapy program, and then watched characteristics in the response of child with mental retardation, his mother and siblings. and the characteristics of HTP(House-Tree-Person)/KFD(Kinetic Family Drawing)/KSD(Kinetic School Drawing) of the family was analyzed to pre-test and post-test. And the changes of pre and post-test score was viewed by using stress scale for mother and siblings. The conclusions of this study were as follows : First, Family Art Therapy had have an influence on increasing attitude of positive change child with mental retardation, mother, and siblings. Second, Family Art Therapy had product an influence on decreasing the stress in mother of child with mental retardation. Third, Family Art Therapy had exert an influence on decreasing the stress in siblings of mental retardation. Especially, child with mental retardation showed that the lasting time of positive participation activities more long than that of initial session and reduced the frequency of talking to oneself, completed his task to a finish. In case of his mother, as more repeatedly session, exerted a positive support and reinforcement than those of initial session. Also in case siblings, as showing be on the decrease sense of denial when doing program with together. Like that, child with mental retardation was getting better gradually in taking family's advice and doing program with family together. The relationship and interactions of the family(mother, siblings) were also getting better gradually. Based on this study, the following recommendations may be suggested: First, for further study, it is necessary to apply for other family members. Because this study was concerned with mother and siblings, it is impossible to know about father. Second, in order to understand deeply interactions of family member, long term studies be acted.