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본 연구는 음악활동이 자폐아동의 자리이탈행동에 미치는 효과를 알아보기 위해 자폐아동 3명을 대상으로 음악활동을 7주에 걸쳐 주 5회 매회기당 40분씩 총 30회 실시하였다. 그 결과 율창 및 악기놀이 활동으로 구성된 음악활동은 자폐아동의 자리이탈 행동 감소에 효과적이었다. 세아동의 자리이탈 행동은 개인적인 차이는 있지만 사전검사 기간에 비해 실험처치, 반전기간, 사후검사 기간에 걸쳐 모두 감소되었다. 앞으로 아동들의 장애정도나 특징에 맞는 음악활동 프로그램을 통한 개별지도와 집단활동을 병행하면 더욱 효과가 있을 것이다.


This study researched the effect of the musical activity on the seat breakaway of autistic children with three children enrolled in the school for handicapped children located in the Seong-Nam. We practiced musical activity thirty times in total, five times a week for 7 weeks. Every activity lasted for 40 minutes. The result of this study is as follows.This musical activity is effective in diminishing of the seat breakaway of autistic children. Compared with the preliminary examination term, the seat breakaway of three children all decreased in experiment and treatment term, reversal term, post examination term. Child 1, in the interaction with researcher's instruction and took an active part in the musical activity, accordingly, his seat breakaway behavior remarkably decreased. Child 2 showed up and down two or three times in experiment and treatment term because his emotion change extremely according to the weather. However, his seat breakaway behavior decreased according as he had interest in the rhythmical movement and his favorite piano was presented. The child 3 showed the greatest change. After he got interested especially in drums, he rarely left his seat until the performance was over.