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투바 민족은 현재 시베리아에 있는 러시아 연방 트이바 공화국에 살고 있다. 우리에게는 다소 거리감이 있는 낯선 민족이라고 할 수 있지만, 잘 살펴보면 오랜 역사 속에서 주변 민족과의 문화적 교류를 통해 샤머니즘을 나름대로 형성하여 발달시켜 왔다. 본고에서 필자는 이러한 투바 민족이 가지고 있는 샤머니즘의 그 양상과 특징을 알아보았다. 본 논문은 전체적으로 다섯 개의 단락으로 이루어져 있다. 먼저 우리에게 낯선 투바 민족에 대해 전체적으로 소개하였다. 두 번 째 단락에서는 투바 샤머니즘의 형성과정을 살펴보았다. 세 번째 단락에서는 소비에트 시절부터 논란이 되고 있는 무당의 입무 과정에 대해 러시아 학자들의 논쟁을 정리하여 서술하였다. 네 번째 단락에서는 실제 무당의 의례를 민족지적 조사 자료를 토대로 서술하였고, 특히 시베리아 무당의 주요 역할인 질병 치료에 관한 의례를 소개하였다. 또한 무당의 질병 치료에 관한 러시아 학자들의 논쟁을 다음 장에 소개하였다. 결론에서는 소비에트 시절 탄압으로 침체기를 맞이하였지만 페레스트로이카 이후 부흥기를 맞고있는 투바 샤머니즘이 현재에 이르기까지 어떻게 전개되어 왔는지 그 일련의 과정과 여기에서 보여지는 특징을 중심으로 러시아 학자들이 관찰하고 조사한 결과를 토대로 하여 논하였다.


A Study of Tuva Shamanism Lee, Gunwook (the National Folk Museum of Korea) Abstract The Tuba race lives in Republic of Tyva, Federal Russia in Siberia at present. The Tuba has been developing Shamanism for ages through a cultural exchange with other neighbors although we are unfamiliar with this race. I have researched on various aspects and special features of Tuva Shamanism and have introduced them in this report.The report consists of five elements. Firstly I am introducing general features on Tuva race who is not well-known. Secondly I am explaining a process how Tuva shamanism has been developing. Thirdly I am compiling Russian scholars comments on a process of how to be a shaman. Fourthly it is being explained of shamanistic rites based on ethnography research reports. In particular, ceremonies of the treatment, which is one of major roles of Siberian shamans is being described. Lastly, I am adding the Russian scholars comments on a shaman treatment. In the conclusion of this report, it is being explained a series of a process of Tuva shamanism which is rapidly revived although it was not active due to suppression of the Soviet union and the special features related to this is also referred with research results conducted by Russian scholars.


A Study of Tuva Shamanism Lee, Gunwook (the National Folk Museum of Korea) Abstract The Tuba race lives in Republic of Tyva, Federal Russia in Siberia at present. The Tuba has been developing Shamanism for ages through a cultural exchange with other neighbors although we are unfamiliar with this race. I have researched on various aspects and special features of Tuva Shamanism and have introduced them in this report.The report consists of five elements. Firstly I am introducing general features on Tuva race who is not well-known. Secondly I am explaining a process how Tuva shamanism has been developing. Thirdly I am compiling Russian scholars comments on a process of how to be a shaman. Fourthly it is being explained of shamanistic rites based on ethnography research reports. In particular, ceremonies of the treatment, which is one of major roles of Siberian shamans is being described. Lastly, I am adding the Russian scholars comments on a shaman treatment. In the conclusion of this report, it is being explained a series of a process of Tuva shamanism which is rapidly revived although it was not active due to suppression of the Soviet union and the special features related to this is also referred with research results conducted by Russian scholars.