초록 close

한국 무(巫)의 타계관의 핵심을 표현하자면 ‘커뮤니케이션의 회복’ 혹은 ‘상호작용의 회복’이라 할 수 있다. 죽음으로 단절된 망자와 후손의 커뮤니케이션은 통과의례적 과정을 통해 회복된다. 이는 무(巫)의 타계관 만의 독특한 것이다. 무당은 굿판을 통해 현실세계와 타계의 경계를 터 인간과 신과 조상들이 한자리에 모여 커뮤니케이션을 통해 스스로를 확인할 수 있는 기회를 제공한다. 이는 매우 신화적인 이야기지만 지금 이 땅에 인간들 사이에서 나타나는 현상이기에 현실적이기도 하다. 무(巫)의 타계관은 그러한 능력으로 사람들이 가진 죽음의 단절성을 뛰어 넘을 수 있는, 쉽게는 죽음의 공포를 해결할 수 있는 방법을 제시하고 있다. 그리고 이 때문에 무(巫)의 타계관은 죽은 사람에 대한 이야기이기도 하지만 살아있는 사람들을 위한 것이 된다. 따라서 이 글에서는 인간의 죽음을 커뮤니케이션의 단절로 규정하고 무(巫)의 망자천도의례인 진오기를 통해 다시 재생되는 커뮤니케이션을 조명하였다. 죽음을 맞음으로 주변인들과 상호작용이 끊어진 망자가 무당을 통해 다시 후손들과의 새로운 커뮤니케이션을 맺게 되는 일련의 관계를 진오기의 기본 바탕으로 두었다. 이것이 곧 무(巫)에서 이야기하는 새남[再生]의 의미라 할 수 있다.


The Meaning of Death and Rebirth[Saenam] in Korean Shamanism Kim, Chang-ho (the National Folk Museum of Korea) Abstract The core idea of the other world of Korean Shamanism is the "restoration of communication" or the "restoration of interaction": the communication of the dead and the survived is restored by the rites of passage, which is very original only in the view of the other world of Korean Shamanism. Shamans offer the opportunities to confirm each other through the communications made at the same place, inviting men and their ancestors and the god. This may sound very mythical, but it is also very realistic because this is a phenomenon around you. The view of the other world of Shamanism presents a means to get over the cutting image of the death and finally to resolve the fear of the death. That is why this view of the other world is for the living as well as the dead.Therefore, the death of men was referred to in this study as the cease of communication, this communication was set to replay by "Jinoki" which is the ritual of taking the deceased to heaven. Jinoki was interpreted as the whole new communication intermediated by the Shaman between the dead and its descendants, while the dead being cut off the interaction with people around. This was decided as a meaning of rebirth[Saenam] that is named by Korean Shamanism.


The Meaning of Death and Rebirth[Saenam] in Korean Shamanism Kim, Chang-ho (the National Folk Museum of Korea) Abstract The core idea of the other world of Korean Shamanism is the "restoration of communication" or the "restoration of interaction": the communication of the dead and the survived is restored by the rites of passage, which is very original only in the view of the other world of Korean Shamanism. Shamans offer the opportunities to confirm each other through the communications made at the same place, inviting men and their ancestors and the god. This may sound very mythical, but it is also very realistic because this is a phenomenon around you. The view of the other world of Shamanism presents a means to get over the cutting image of the death and finally to resolve the fear of the death. That is why this view of the other world is for the living as well as the dead.Therefore, the death of men was referred to in this study as the cease of communication, this communication was set to replay by "Jinoki" which is the ritual of taking the deceased to heaven. Jinoki was interpreted as the whole new communication intermediated by the Shaman between the dead and its descendants, while the dead being cut off the interaction with people around. This was decided as a meaning of rebirth[Saenam] that is named by Korean Shamanism.