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현재의 산신도는 호랑이를 타거나 데리고 있는 백발 노인의 모습이 일반화가 되어 버린 것을 당연하게 볼 수가 있지만 산신의 원래 모습은 어떻게 생겼는가? 위의 언급된 산신의 모습을 그리기 시작하기 전에 산신의 묘사가 몇 단계를 거쳐왔다고 본다. 본 논문에서 이러한 과정을 논하고자 한다.첫째로 한반도의 무속에서 인간형 신령을 섬기기 전에는 토테미즘과 애니미즘의 단계였으며 이 시기에는 산신을 호랑이(곰)로 하여 숭배하였다.둘째로 인간형 신령을 섬기게 되어 산신이 여성 형태로 나타나며 산신이 역시 이 같은 형태로 묘사된다.마지막으로 무속이 유불도교와 습합이 되면서 산신의 모습을 백발 노인의 모습으로 그리게 되었으며 이를 오늘까지 숭배해 왔다.


On The Appearance of Mountain Gods in Traditional Paintings Miroslav Vavroch The Korean mountain god, whose cult has been closely associated with mountain tigers, is usually represented in traditional paintings as an old man riding or sitting by a tiger. In this paper I try to focus on the origin and historical development of this phenomenon rather than concentrating on detailed description of the god's appearance. In the early indigenous religion of Korea, worship of sacred mountains came along with worship of wild animals, like bears and tigers, that roamed the mountains. These were probably worshipped as mountain gods or spirits. Gradually the worship of wild animals gave way to worship of human-like beings and mountain gods started to be described mostly as female spirits. As doctrines of neo-confucianism gained power and changed women's position in Korean society, the depiction of the mountain god took on a mostly male-like appearance.


On The Appearance of Mountain Gods in Traditional Paintings Miroslav Vavroch The Korean mountain god, whose cult has been closely associated with mountain tigers, is usually represented in traditional paintings as an old man riding or sitting by a tiger. In this paper I try to focus on the origin and historical development of this phenomenon rather than concentrating on detailed description of the god's appearance. In the early indigenous religion of Korea, worship of sacred mountains came along with worship of wild animals, like bears and tigers, that roamed the mountains. These were probably worshipped as mountain gods or spirits. Gradually the worship of wild animals gave way to worship of human-like beings and mountain gods started to be described mostly as female spirits. As doctrines of neo-confucianism gained power and changed women's position in Korean society, the depiction of the mountain god took on a mostly male-like appearance.