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The divided North and South Korea on the Korean Peninsula or the existence of one ethnic populace but two states on the same Peninsula reflect a different historical formation. For many years, the Korean populace formed and continued as one populace and even today's divided state is insignificant in view of its long history. This thesis entails the ‘nationalism’ as the reasonable premise of the unification of North and South Korea. The notions of nation state and nationalism need to be and can be reformulated into civic nation and civic nationalism in the historical context of Korea. For the North, Marx's historical stages are tempered with juche's requirement for leadership. In the South, a belief that modernity flows naturally from tradition has been married to a developmental state's call for global markets. Especially in concern with the division conflict of North and South Korea, the problem of the nation is still unsolved needing settlement as reunification of the North and South continues to build the first nation state within our history. Nationalism thus stems from the cultural degree to the political consciousness and movement. Some South Korean researchers proposed ‘open nationalism’, though they did not elaborate how democracy can be integrate into nationalism. Such notions of ‘open nationalism’ show a way of preserving nation and nationalism, keeping from harmful effects of ethno- nationalism. The ‘Nationalism’ as Unification discourses have not only been present in the political form, but also have been represented as academic discourses that have an objective outward show.