초록 close

일본의 특수교육은 특별지원교육의 형태로 변화되었다. 2001년 1월에 공표된 「21세기 특수교육의 방안-개개인의 요구에 응한 특별한 지원의 방안에 대하여-」 최종보고를 계기로 하여, 정부의 행정적인 변화도 추구하여 종래의 문부성을 문부과학성으로 그리고 「특수교육과」를 「특별지원교육과」로 개칭하였다. 또한 2003년 3월에는 「금후 특별지원교육의 방안에 대하여」 최종보고를 공표하였다. 이 보고서의 공표와 함께 일본 특수교육은 특별지원교육으로 개혁을 도모하면서 교육 부분에 있어서 제도 설계, 특별지원교육 추진 체제의 구축 등 특별지원교육 시대를 맞이하게 되었다. 따라서 이와 같은 특별지원교육의 성립 기반이 되는 배경을 분석하고 그 특징을 밝히고자 하는 데에 연구의 의의를 두고 있다.


The goal of the study is to understanding of Japan Special-Supported Education Formation's background and the Features. Japan Special-Supported Education Formation is based on the final report of the "The 21st century Special Education's Plan", which is presented in January, 2001, and "About the Japan Special-Supported Education Formation Plan," which is presented in March, 2003. The results refer to the below. Japan Special-Supported Education Formation's base is becoming the important detail of the final report "About the Japan Special-Supported Education Formation Plan," which is published in January, 2001. The execute of Japan Special-Supported Education's conversion is achieved the foundation of the final statement "About the plan of the Special-Supported Education" that is published in March, 2003. The meaning of the Special-Supported Education includes the children who need Special Education Needs because of the their disabilities, and the Special-Supported Education means the children who needs Special Education Needs, instead of their disabilities. The final report of "About the Plan of the Special-Supported Education" emphasizes the base concept of Special-Supported Education Formation Plan Based on the final report which is published year 2001 and 2003, the each local district prepares Special-Supported Education's plan, and a long-term plan and a short-term plan for 10 years from now on is going to be established.