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The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of motor exercise program on the cognitive of children with developmental disabilities. The subjects in this study were six selected children who were attending special school in the city of Busan. To gauge the level of improvement in their cognitive competence, KEDI-WISC was put to use. To find out any change of their cognitive competence, motor exercise program executed to children two times a week, and forty minutes a day over twenty weeks. Before applied this program, measured the cognitive competence for each group, and after twenty weeks by same method like before, and the results of the comparisons were as follows : 1. The experimental group was improved missing search among cognitive competence. 2. The experimental group was improved order assembly among cognitive competence. 3. The experimental group was improved block design among cognitive competence. 4. The experimental group was improved object assembly among cognitive competence. 5. The experimental group was improved sign writing among cognitive competence. 6. The experimental group was improved labyrinth among cognitive competence.