초록 close

Many factors need to be considered in designing a resistance training program to successfully meet the needs and goals of the trainee. If the trainee is preparing for a sports or particular activity, a general program for that sports is developed. The general program for the sports must then be individualized, however, to address the strengths and weaknesses of each trainee. The prescription of resistance training is both a science and an art. Ultimately, individualized training programs provide for optimal changes in the exercise prescription process and result in the best overall training response for the individual. Although guidelines can be given, the art of designing effective resistance training programs requires logical exercise prescription followed by evaluation, testing, and interaction with the trainee. Resistance training prescription is a dynamic process that requires the strength and conditioning professional to respond to the trainee's changing adaptation levels and functional capacities with altered program designs to meet the changing training goals. Using a needs analysis, acute program design, chronic program design, and consideration of administrative factors results in the optimal program for any situation. It is then necessary to be creative and search out ways to improve the design of the program and resistance training facility.