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The purpose of this research was to examine the process of forming the subculture and its substance through diverse forms of interaction of each participant in the tennis participants' group. In order to examine this, literature data connected with subculture and identity were collected and theoretical framework was arranged based on Coakley(1998)'s power & performance model and pleasure & participation model. The sample was drawn from 21 members of Gu-il tennis club in Joogong apartment, Myong-gu Dong, Gangseo Gu, Seoul and 30 members of L-tennis club in Kumidong, Bundand-gu, using typical case selection which is one method of criterion based selection. The data was collected using both in-depth interview and participation observation. This research used member check, peer debriefing, and triangulation to verify reliability and validity. On the basis of the result analysed, the conclusions were drawn as tennis participants experience entrance barrier stage, flow stage, stable stage and transfer stage as the subcultural identity. Each participant in the tennis group and the group itself form identity assuming interaction and forming identity can be divided into entrance barrier stage, flow stage, stable stage and transfer stage. Through interaction between each participant and the group, they not only find and develope themselves' identity, but also construct cultural identity of group through participation.