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The purpose of this study is to examine various types and factors influencing decision- makings for athletic careers through analysis by academic backgrounds, athletic achievements, influence of other people, and self-conceptions. The results of this study are as follows. First, while there were no significant differences in types and degrees of maturity, high school students pursuing college entrance indicated higher scores than college students whose majors were already decided in the degrees of maturity. Individuals and groups with higher athletic achievements had significant differences in adaptation to athletic life and team satisfaction rather than those with lower achievements. Second, there were significant differences in adaptation to athletic life, and as its sub-factors, team satisfaction and inter-relationship with colleagues, coaches, and managers by influence of other people. As positive evaluations were made by important people and self-conceptions were higher, reasonable decision-makings were done in adaptation to athletic life. On the contrary, as negative evaluations were made by important people and self- conceptions were lower, intuitive and dependant types indicated significant differences in team satisfaction and inter-relationship with colleagues, coaches, and managers. The more positive influences they had, the more reasonable types they chose. Third, moral, physical, academic and social self-conceptions of athletes indicated significant differences in adaptation to athletic life, team satisfaction, and inter-relationship with colleagues, coaches, and managers.