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The purpose of this study is to investigate the comparative research about physique a1d physical fitness of the elementary school athletes(23 boy) and soccer players(23 boy) and to information on selecting the player and training program. The statistical techniques utilized in the study were t test, correlation analysis and regression analysis. The .05 level was initially established in significance. The conclusions of the study were as follows; 1. Athletes was superior to soccer players was sitting height. 2. Athletes was superior to soccer players was standing long jump. 3. Athletes had a significant correlation between standing height and body weight, sitting height, standing trank flexion, body weight and sitting height, body mass index, sitting height and standing trank flexion, 50m run and 1,000m run. 4. 50m run had a significant effect on chest girth and standing height, sit-ups had a significant effect on standing height and sitting height, standing long jump had a significant effect on body mass index, standing trank flexion had a significant effect on chest girth, 1,000m run had a significant effect on standing trank flexion of athletes.