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This essay revisits the saint groups whom Oliver Cromwell wanted to get support to establish an ideal godly society and tries to find the reason why the godly rule failed. The aim of the Protectorate regime was to build a godly nation, a nation where the godly were led by the saints. The saints Cromwell found were the godly magistrates(Members of Parliament), the godly soldiers and the godly ministers. They all took part in the building of the godly nation and take England to a New Jerusalem. But the MPs throughout several parliaments were either too hasty or too reluctant to go along with Cromwell who believed God's providence and unity among the godly. The soldiers were the most cooperative group. But they were always considered as a temporary instrument. The rule of the major-generals were regarded as an arbitrary measure by the people, even though Cromwell found most helpful. The ministers also were reluctant to respond actively, as they found their parish was too much divided to influence over them. The radicals and sects were determined to have their own congregations and worship. The many moderates had still been attached to the prayer book anglicanism. All the saints Cromwell tried to get support for the godly society did not share what Cromwell aimed at. Cromwell’s ideal society was doomed to fail.


This essay revisits the saint groups whom Oliver Cromwell wanted to get support to establish an ideal godly society and tries to find the reason why the godly rule failed. The aim of the Protectorate regime was to build a godly nation, a nation where the godly were led by the saints. The saints Cromwell found were the godly magistrates(Members of Parliament), the godly soldiers and the godly ministers. They all took part in the building of the godly nation and take England to a New Jerusalem. But the MPs throughout several parliaments were either too hasty or too reluctant to go along with Cromwell who believed God's providence and unity among the godly. The soldiers were the most cooperative group. But they were always considered as a temporary instrument. The rule of the major-generals were regarded as an arbitrary measure by the people, even though Cromwell found most helpful. The ministers also were reluctant to respond actively, as they found their parish was too much divided to influence over them. The radicals and sects were determined to have their own congregations and worship. The many moderates had still been attached to the prayer book anglicanism. All the saints Cromwell tried to get support for the godly society did not share what Cromwell aimed at. Cromwell’s ideal society was doomed to fail.