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The Confucian scholars led by Jeong Do-jeon thought that Li(理)-the basic principle was the origin of the universe, and Gi(氣)-the atmospheric force of nature came from Li, forming all the things. They believed that there were Li and Gi in human beings. They thought people became the upper and lower classes, the noble and the mean by the clearness and turbidity of Gi though human beings had the complete Li. The Confucian morals were considered as Li(理) and forced upon people. This resulted in strengthening the system of social positions and the discrimination of the sexes. By admiring only neo-Confucianism and driving out other thoughts including Buddhism, the diversity of culture disappeared. Confucian scholars held back a desire for material gain and concentrated on the ceremonies for dead people. As the result the society lost its vigor. They followed the new laws, but that meant restoring the old laws in the classical age. Their reformation was to repress human nature. It was difficult to find out progressive aspects in their conservative thoughts. The ideology and policy of Confucian scholars partly included the stabilization of the people’s livelihood, but they were to strengthen the order for noble families with sticking to the status system. This did not mean a kind of progressive aspect. The Confucian scholars denied the changes of society in the late Goryeo when the order for noble families was disturbed, and they tried to make ruling power of noble families firm with preventing the entry of the common people and slaves into the political sphere of the community. This said they were the conservatives. Before we consider differences between the moderates and the radicals inside Confucian scholars sharing the interests as noble families, we should consider the conflicts between noble families and the common people or slaves.