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We have regarded a skill of linguistic act and a knowledge as main elements in Korean language education. But in the standpoint that we must foster a person who can understand the world around himself through education, it is necessary that we have to emphasize educational experience. In this paper I researched theories in connection with experience in order that I might found a viewpoint of appreciation of literature as an educational experience.So I inquired into the conception and the quality of experience in the philosophy, especially in British Empiricism and Dewy's ideas. In addition I made an research into the experience of language because a literary text is a structure of language. Then I reached a conclusion that in the experience of literature the qualities are six such as the following;ⓐ The experience of literature is the psychological process.ⓑ A reader can achieve universality by intersubjectivity through the experience of literature.ⓒ The experience of literature can be made by the fusion of recognition and emotion.ⓓ The experience of literature is fulfilled by being connected with real life.ⓔ The experience of literature can reduce reader's burden of direct experience in his real life.ⓕ A reader can achieve totality of life over the real context through the experience of literature.At the end I propose that meaning and emotion of text must be important elements of the experience of literature. With a result of this paper, I will research the content and the teaching-learning method of the experience of literature.