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We investigated the effect of Saururus chinensis (Lour.) Baill (SCB) on allergy in mice. We conformed compound 48/80-induced mesenteric mast cell degranulation, active systemic anaphylatic shock and histamine release. Also observed acetic acid-induced vascular permeability and anti-dinitrophenyl (DNP) IgE-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. SCB inhibited mesenteric mast cell degranulation and active systemic anaphylatic shock induced by compound 48/80 dose-dependently. When SCB was pretreated by intra-peritoneal injection, the plasma histamine levels were reduced. SCB also significantly inhibited acetic acid-induced vascular permeability and anti-DNP IgE-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. In addition, SCB reduced IL-10 mRNA expression of the lung on ovalbumin-induced allergy. These results indicate that SCB inhibits allergy.