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Appraisal is a basic archival function that analyzes values of records and determines the eventual disposal of records based upon their archival values. In electronic records environment, however, appraisal is different from traditional appraisal system that mainly is based on paper records. Since electronic records don't have physical entity and strongly depend on computer technologies, archivists fall into various dilemma in appraisal of electronic records. Moreover, because creation environment of electronic records is remarkably complex and diversified, appraisal of electronic records cannot be done until the later stages of the life cycle of the records. In Korea, appraisal system is founded on the Tables of Transaction for Records Scheduling through which disposal activities of all records are definite in a concrete form. However, there are little institutional infrastructures associated with appraisal of electronic records. Therefore this paper will intend to analyze characteristic features about appraisal of electronic records as a preliminary study for establishing appraisal system of electronic records in Korea. For this purpose, I have firstly compared creation environment of electronic records with traditional creation environment mainly based on paper records, and analyzed differences between appraisal of electronic records and traditional appraisal system based on paper records in view of recordness of electronic record. then I have examined functional appraisal that focuses on functions and activities in which the records are created and used, and discussed about main issues in relation to establishing appraisal system of electronic records.