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Processing strategies for relative clauses have received much attention inthe literatue. Previous studies have approached the question by studyingrelative clauses (=RCs) in terms of both the main clause function and theembedded clause function of the head noun. This way, researchers couldidentify mnltiple processing strategies for RCs (ef. Clancy, Lee, & Zoh, 1996),but there has been little attempt to explicitly tease apart RC-internalfactors like the embedded clause function from RC-external factors like themain clause function. In this paper, we focus on such RC-internal factorsas word order and animacy by placing RCs within the copula constructionWhar is X?, where X is the NP that contains the RC in question. Our testdesign follc'ws the picture-cued comprehension paradigm The test sentencesare in two dimensions: first, the subject relative vs. the object relativedistinction; and secondly, RCs with lexical heads vs. RCs with the boundnominal head kes 'thing'. We have tested 59 monolingual Korean children,and found out that monolingual Korean children strategically process RCs,assigning the subject/actor role to the linearly first NP (i.e. the word orderstrategy), and to an animate NP (i.e. the animacy strategy). Comparisonwith earlier works also suggests that there is a quantitative, but not aqualitative, difference in language development, between bilingual andmonolinguill Korean children.