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Objective : The purpose of this report is to use more Traction treatment clinically by comparing th Improvement of Low Back Pain and Sciatica between Common treatment Group and Common treatment with Traction treatment. Methods : This study was carried out on 40 patients with Low Back Pain and Sciatica who were hospitalized in Dongshin Univ. Oriental Hospital from January, 2003 to May, 2004. Group A of 20 patients were taken both common treatment and Traction treatment. And Group B of 20 patients were only taken common treatment. And at discharge day, we checked and compared VAS(Visual Analogue Scale) and ODI(Oswestry disability index) out of these two groups. SPSS(Statistical Program for Social Science) for Window was used for a statistical analysis and the independent T-test was performed to gauge the improvement of VAS(Visual Analogue Scale) and ODI(Oswestry disability index) out of these two groups, in which case, value of P below 0.05 is considered as useful. Results : The result of the VAS(Visual Analogue Scale) and ODI(Oswestry disability index) of comparison analysis between two groups at discharge day, shows that the improvement of Low Back Pain and Sciatica in cmmon treatment with Traction treatment Group is more effective than that in Common treatment.