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Artist reflects the life, ideology and faith to his works as a witness of the day. A Russian realism artist Repin showed greatness of Russian paintings with his superior ability. Repin used to choose his motif in revolution and literature. This study is about Repin's works that were expressed revolutionary upheaval. In 1840 to 1930, There were a lot of revolutionists fought to solve the social problems against absolute monarch the Char. Nevertheless, Repin was born in poor family, he became a great realism artist with his talent. He was influenced by corresponding with famous writer Tolstoi who is nobly born. Repin accepted artistic presentation and ideology of Kramskoy, Stasov, chernyshevski as his source of art. He produced a work of art to internalize spiritual world metaphorically with revolutionary theme. He also sublimated to art that represented genius of intellectuals search for liberalism and portrayed exactly their characters. After all, Repin tried to speak for inner world and social circumstance of the day through his works and express truth, respecting man's life and dignity that is for emancipation of ego.