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The purpose of this study was closely examined relation of old man's exercise participation and physical self-perception. First, is there difference of older man and woman's physical activity as a function of sex ? Second, is there difference of physical self - perception of older man and women as a function of sex ? Third, is there difference of physical self - perception of older man as a function of exercise participation frequency and sex?The subjects of this research were 208 old people (man 81 people, woman 127 people) more than 60 years old that inhabits in capital region.The tools of this study was old man's exercise participation inventory that Godin and Shephard (1985) develop to measure.Results of this study were as following. First, the exercise participation rate of older man was higher than that of older woman. Second, there were difference of physical self-perception between older man and woman in appearance, self esteem, body fat, but were not difference of sport competence, physical activity, muscular power, flexibleness, endurance, body whole, health.Third, exercise pride, physical activity, and endurance were high in older man have more exercise frequency, but it was no difference as a function of age.Fourth, exercise pride, physical activity, flexibleness, endurance, muscular power, body whole, health in older woman that is more exercise frequency were higher, but it was no difference as a function of age.