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As a major power surrounding Korea, Russia has an inherent interest in the Korean peace and unification process. Will Russia support or obstruct Korean unification? This article analyzes this question from the viewpoint of Russia’s national interests. If we clearly understand Russia’s interests, we will be better able to predict Russia’s attitudes and policy toward Korean unification in the future. Specifically, this article discusses the following questions: What are Russia’s national interests vis-à-vis Korea? How can Russia contribute to the Korean peace process? Under what circumstances will Russia support or obstruct Korean unification?