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- When a high-speed train reduces its operating velocity while decelerating from a maximum of 350 to 50 [km/h], the train applies eddy-current brakes, which results in a deceleration time of approximately 3minutes. Therefore, a high current is utilized in order to obtain a large braking force. Consequently, the temperature of the electromagnet and rail increases significantly.In this paper, The thermal characteristics on a single magnet pole with convection heat transfer coefficient are simulated by using 2D-FEM. To verify the analysis results, the computed temperatures are compared with the experimentally measured temperature at stationary state. Furthermore, transient-state thermal analysis is performed to predict the magnet temperatures as the train is decelerating.