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- The main hazard leading to breakdown in GIS(Gas Insulated Switchgear) comes from free conducting particles, which can cross between two electrodes and cause dielectric failure under the influence of the electric field. Bouncing height of the particle can be an important factor to evaluate the possibility of breakdown occurrence. In this paper, how to estimate, outside a GIS, the bouncing height of the particle was newly suggested when GIS is in service. Both experimental results using 362 kV test chamber and computer simulation results on estimating the height were presented and compared with each other.